Bone Graft

Strong bones are required to support dental implants and to enable the process of osseointegration. If the bone lacks height or width either because of wearing out of bones or a traumatic injury, then bone grafts are used in a process called bone augmentation.

(Source of the pic: http://www.thejcdp.com)

The bone may lack height or width because of any of the following reasons:

  • Missing teeth: If the patient has been edentulous (toothless) for a long time, bone absorption accrues gradually.
  • Trauma: Any accident that causes bone loss.
  • Periodontal disease: Infection may affect bone mass.
  • Genetics: Inheriting a specific jaw bone anatomy.