Endodontics

Root canal treatment

A root canal treatment is a procedure that is done to save a tooth that is badly damaged or infected. The pulp, or living part of the tooth, is made up of nerves and blood vessels. It is contained in the pulp chamber, a space inside center of the tooth, which holds the pulp and extends into roots. It becomes infected or dies for a number of reasons:

  • Decay — bacteria causing tooth decay infects the pulp.
  • Trauma — a traumatic injury can cause an inflammation of the pulp.
  • Deep fillings — fillings that have to be placed close to the pulp chamber because of tooth decay or tooth fracture.
  • Unexplained — sometimes the pulp can become inflamed and can die for no apparent reason.

During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed from the "canal" inside of the root, which is then cleaned, filled and sealed.