Root planing

Root planing and scaling are therapeutic (which means designed to heal) and time-consuming treatments to remove toxins (poisons) and bacteria from the root surfaces of the teeth. Periodontal (gum and bone) disease can be treated with root planing. Removing toxins allows the body’s immune system to begin the healing process. Calculus (sometimes called tartar, diseased cementum, and/or dentin) are also scaled away. (Cementum is the hard tissue that covers the tooth root. Dentin is that part of the tooth that is underneath the cementum.) These procedures are used as complete treatment in some stages of periodontal disease, and as part of preparing the mouth for surgery in others. Several appointments, treating sections of the mouth, and local anesthesia may be required.

Gum Disease (also called periodontal disease) is the main cause of tooth loss in adults. Most people will suffer from gum disease at some stage in their life.

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease.

The signs and symptoms of this are

  • red gums
  • inflamed gums
  • bleeding when you brush or floss

If gingivitis is left untreated it will progress to more serious stages of periodontal disease which can result in gum and bone loss. This means the tooth no longer has a strong support structure and will become wobbly and may have to be extracted.

Periodontal treatment should be done on a regular basis as part of your regular checkup plan. Regular cleaning, when combined with good oral hygiene, will improve the overall health of your teeth and gums. In the event that regular care has not been done, and the patient does not have good oral hygiene practices, more intense periodontal procedures may be required to return the gums to a healthy state. Left untreated, periodontal disease will result in the loss of bone and eventually your natural teeth.

Periodontal treatment involves the use of ultrasonic cleaners, dental instruments and polishers to clean the surface of your teeth. Ultrasonic cleaners use high frequency vibration to remove calculus quickly and easily. Dental instruments can be used for final scaling or for particularly difficult buildup. Once the tooth surfaces are free of calculus your teeth will be polished to achieve a smooth surface and make your teeth feel their best. Combined with good daily oral hygiene, periodontal treatment is the best way to keep all of your natural teeth and make your smile look its best.